Citizen Action for Results, Transparency and Accountability (CARTA)
The Citizen Action for Results, Transparency and Accountability (CARTA) program is a unique monitoring model that aims to provide donors and development agencies with more specific and real-time information on the impact of their projects. By building the capacity of local CSOs to conduct donor project monitoring, CARTA aims to strengthen ownership of outcomes, reduce the propensity of corruption and increase overall citizen engagement.
In theory, placing the funding, reporting, and other management functions with an independent third party will improve participatory monitoring by encouraging more effective community engagement, more honest feedback and more constructive stakeholder engagement. By the same token, building citizen capacity to demand good governance has been shown to reduce the overall propensity for corruption in development projects.
In 2011, 12 sub-grants were awarded under the CARTA program, 6 each in Bangladesh and Nepal, for a total of US$1.29 million to support 11 World Bank financed projects in infrastructure, health, education and local government (see sub-project details below).
- There is a need to work on both the demand and supply sides while promoting social accountability;
- The need for adopting a constructive engagement approach in order to be trusted by project implementers and national stakeholders;
- The challenge of engaging traditionally marginalized community groups involves a greater effort by all stakeholders;
- Citizens and CSOs need training to create levels of knowledge and skills that empower them to engage constructively with service providers.
- Independent monitoring can be a valuable tool in catalyzing citizen engagement, not only because it builds self-reliance, but because it induces service providers to be more accountable.
- Social accountability tools and data-collection methods that are intended for use by citizens in the future should be as simple as possible.
- The sustainability of future citizen engagement depends on many factors—incentives, cultural factors, and power relations. Many of these take time to change; therefore short-term interventions will not likely be able to demonstrate results in the short term.
Bangladesh’s Local Government Support Project (LGSP-II) is a national decentralization plan that aims to strengthen local governance. LGSP II provides grants to Union Parishads (UPs) – the oldest and most local government system – so the community can determine which public projects serve them best. Thus, the main purpose of the project is to build the [...]
Poverty alleviation is the greatest challenge Bangladesh currently faces. Although Bangladesh has shown impressive economic and social gains, the level of poverty continues to be a challenge with 32% of the total population living below the poverty line in 2010. The objective of the Social Investment Program Project (SIPP II) is to improve the livelihoods and quality of life, and build resilience to climate variability [...]
The Government of Bangladesh has undertaken a number of targeted interventions, as part of its National Education Policy (2010), to ensure one-hundred percent enrollment and completion of primary education before 2015. The Reaching out of School Children Project (ROSC-II), launched in 2004, is [...]
The Bangladesh Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program (BRWSPP) is funded by the World Bank and has a lifespan of four years, from July 2012 to June 2016. The project aims to ensure reliable access to arsenic-free, safe water in the rural areas of Bangladesh. The BRWSSP project included the [...]
The Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development (RERED II) is a publicly funded project aimed at increasing access to electricity through Solar Home System (SHS) in “off-grid” rural areas of Bangladesh. Although it has been recognized as one of the largest and fastest growing [...]
The Rural Access Improvement and Decentralization Project (RAIDP) aims to improve services related to health, education, agriculture and good governance in Nepal. Over the project period (2005 to 2013), over 2 million Nepalis have utilized improved rural transport infrastructures and services[...]
The Emergency Peace Support Project (EPSP) seeks to contribute to the peace building process in Nepal by providing interim cash transfers and services to eligible conflict-affected groups. So far, interim cash benefits have been provided to 14,104 families of the deceased and 4,444 widows [...]
The School Sector Reform Project (SSRP) is a follow-up of the ongoing “Education for All” program in Nepal. Since 2010, free textbooks have been distributed to all students up to grade 10 in community schools throughout the country. According to the project guidelines, students are expected to receive [...]
In 2011 and 2012, over 385,000 people left Nepal seeking better employment opportunities. Their remittances officially amounted to one quarter of the gross domestic product (GDP). More than 75% of migrant workers from Nepal are unskilled workers, leading to low remittance levels per migrant [...]
PAF-2 is a development project funded by the World Bank and implemented by the Poverty Alleviation Fund in Nepal. The project objective is to improve living conditions, livelihoods and empowerment among the rural poor, with particular attention to groups that have been excluded by reasons [...]
The Sunaula Hazar Din – Community Action for Nutrition (SHD-CAN) Project was designed to address the risk factors of chronic malnutrition in children. From early 2014, Nucleus for Empowerment through Skill Transfer (NEST) undertook independent monitoring of the SHD-CAN project with [...]
Program News & Updates
- Development Projects Boosted by Citizen Demand for Good Governance
9 Sep 2016
Citizen engagement is increasingly recognized as a method to help improve development program effectiveness. From 2011-2015, the Citizen Action for Results, Transparency and Accountability (CARTA) […]
- Enhancing Development Impact, Sustainability and Ownership of Development Projects through Citizen Engagement: Lessons from the CARTA Program
27 Jun 2016
The Partnership for Transparency Fund (PTF) hosted a seminar on June 23, 2016 with Citizen Action for Results, Transparency and Accountability (CARTA) Program Director, Tjaarda […]
- New Frontiers in Citizen Engagement in World Bank Projects
6 Jun 2016
On May 19th, the Partnership for Transparency Fund (PTF) participated in a panel discussion on “New Frontiers in Citizen Engagement in World Bank Projects” at […]